Welcome to Radio Kootwijk
The former radio station “Radio Kootwijk” is situated in the heart of the “Veluwe” centred in a wonderful natural reserve area. It is a unique establishment that is highly valued for its typical blend of scenery with cultural-historical and industrial-historical characteristics.
During WWI, an independent radio link with the Dutch Indies (former Indonesia) became increasingly important. For example all messages via the sea cable, were censured by the British during the war. The obtain independence in these communications, a large transmitter station was built in 1917, in the Malabar Gorge near Bandung on the island of Java. For the Dutch counterpart of this radio link, a suitable location was found on the sand dunes near the village of Kootwijk. Architect Luthmann made a complete design for this establishment. In 1920 the construction started for the actual transmitter building, which is entirely constructed from armoured concrete, a novelty in those days.
It is at the same time, in the early 1920’s, that the actual village “Radio Kootwijk” developed, involving a hotel, administrative buildings and some 40 residential houses for employees. At the present day this unique village with its 120 inhabitants looks back at a history of about 85 years.
The State owned Postal and Telegraph company (PTT) began utilising Radio Kootwijk in 1923 for long wave telegraph transmissions. The equipment was installed in Building A, which is also dubbed as “The Cathedral”. Within about five years, short wave radio signals were used for these transmissions because these were less vulnerable to atmospheric noise. The first actual radio communication with the Dutch Indies, started in 1928, with the historical words: “Hello Bandung, here Kootwijk”. These historical words. are still iconic for many Dutchmen nowadays.
After WWII, the gradually improving quality of sea cable connections saw a decline in the role of Radio Kootwijk as cornerstone for intercontinental telephone and telegraph communications. From 1970, Radio Kootwijk supported maritime communications for the “Radio Scheveningen” station, in particular for long-distance communication with vessels at large. Because of later technological developments such as satellite communication, Radio Kootwijk further lost its significance. Transmission stopped entirely in 1998.
In the mean time the state owned PTT-company had been privatised to the new KPN-company. In 1995 KPN sold the residential houses to the tenants as they wished, or otherwise to a private Real Estate management company. At the end of 2003, the entire area and remaining buildings were sold to the Dutch State and Radio Kootwijk permanently lost its capability for radio transmissions.
Most of the inhabitants of this unique village now, have an intimate relationship with its history and highly appreciate the quality of life it presents. There are concerns about the increasing number of visitors to the area as well as about the present-day ad hoc management of the remaining facilities.
Since recently, there is a “Plan of Attack” with a “Road to Restructuring” towards a new form of exploitation of the facilities at Radio Kootwijk.
(2007-2 redactie web-site)
See also our Brochure Radio Kootwijk : Nationaly Protected Townscape (©2014)
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Lezen Sie in Deuts: National Geschützes Stadbild (©2014)
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Voir aussi la brochure en français: Un Paysage National Urbain Protégé (©2014)
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